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Phoenix Primary School ‘Where We Rise to the Challenge’

Key vocabulary

Learn the vocab and get ahead!

 

Dear Parents and Carers,

noBy spending time with your children, talking about and learning spellings and meanings you will help them to get ahead of the topic and give them a great start to their science work. Understanding, using, spelling and being able to explain these words correctly IS VERY IMPORTANT! 

For topics being taught in your child's class please see the section at the beginning of the science website. If you would like any help or advice about science vocabulary please don't hesitate to contact me via the school office.

 

Vocabulary for topics in science- (these lists are not exclusive: can you add any?)

 

Seasonal changes: (Only taught in year 1)

Seasons      autumn     winter     spring    summer      daylight     day     night    length of day

sun      sun-safety   dark light  weather   temperature   warm     cold    frost     snow  ice   frozen

dry   wet   rain  wind   showers  sleet   hot   sunny   heat   sun burn    protection   shade   skin   

puddles   drizzle   mist   fog   leaf/leaves   brown   golden  yellow  red  evergreen tree   deciduous tree

plant   flower   spring flowers    daffodil   tulip   snowdrop   crocus    primrose  rose    poinsettia   holly  ivy 

 

Year 1: Plants.

Plant      flower    tree   bush    common/garden/wild flowers     common/garden/wild  plants  vegetables  evergreen/deciduous trees    structure    environment    grow/growth   habitat    leaf/leaves  blossom  petal fruit   roots    bulb    seed    trunk  branch   stem    water   sunlight    air    soil   compost   nutrients. 

 

Year 1: Animals including humans.

 

Animals    humans   fish   amphibians    reptiles   birds   mammals    carnivore   herbivore   omnivore  environment  structure  common animals    pets   dog   cat    horse  cow-( the list goes on!)   hair   head   face  ears  nose   eyes  mouth  lips     teeth   arms elbows   neck    shoulders   body  hands    wrist   legs   knee   feet  toes-(basic parts of the human body)  senses    smell  sight   touch   hearing

 

Year 1: Everyday materials.

 

object      material      made from/used for      wood     plastic    glass    metal    water     rock  brick   stone   foil    cotton     paper     fabric    elastic  -(as many as you can think of)     physical properties                   group together         compare             describe           hard/soft          stretchy/stiff   

shiny/dull     rough/smooth      bendy/not bendy      waterproof/not waterproof     absorbent/not absorbent  

opaque/transparent     

 

Year 2: Living things and their habitats.

 

living      dead       never been alive    life processes    healthy     habitats     environment/local environment     basic needs     depend      names of plants and animals-(as many as you can think of)      microhabitats         grass     water      survive     air      security    food      shelter   urban         food chain    sources of food     characteristics       urban habitat        rural habitat     artic habitat      pond habitat      forest/wood habitat     stones    soil     logs   wood    leaves    litter      pollution       

 

  

Year 2-Plants.

Observe        describe    record  seed/s    bulb/s    plants     tree   bush   growth  germinate   healthy  survive  survival   water   air  sun  energy   temperature   soil     compost    nutrients   food   roots   stem   trunk    flower  petal   leaf/leaves  local  environment   seasons     year   weather     reproduction    

 

Year 2-Animals, including humans.

animals    humans    offspring   grow/growth   young   babies /baby toddler  child  teenager  adult  egg     chick  chicken    egg  caterpillar  pupa  butterfly   spawn   tadpole  frog   lamb   sheep  puppy   dog   etc  etc    basic needs   survival       water    air   food     exercise   health/healthy    hygiene    nutrition   fruit and vegetables-(as many as possible).  

 

Year 2-Uses of everyday materials.

material     compare   identify/name    suitable/suitability   uses   wood    metal     plastic   glass  brick    rock   paper  cardboard-( as many as you can think of. Great for doing when you're walking).    shapes     solid    rough    smooth   bendy  stretch    clear   see-through   hard  soft   opaque -(introduce as many properties of material as you can)   change/changing    squash     bend   twist    stretching   

* Remember that children need to know the difference between  a material and the object that is made from it. For example fabric may be the material but the object could be a cardigan. Also please help your child understand that one material can be used to make more than one object.

 

Year 3- Lower Key Stage 2: Plants.

PLEASE SEE VOCABULARY LIST ABOVE AS WELL.

identify       describe     function    roots    stem/trunk     leaf/leaves    flower/s      requirements   growth/survival     air     light     water/water transportation    nutrients   food    energy   room to grow    temperature    environment     life cycle    flowering plant     pollination     seed formation    seed dispersal

 

Year 3- Animals, including humans.

PLEASE SEE VOCABULARY LIST ABOVE AS WELL.

nutrition        making own food       not making own food       eat/eating      skeletons       muscles      support 

protection    support      movement      skull     jaw    ribs/ribcage    ulna   radius    tibia    fibia  contract   relax

bend    twist      pull    push    exercise   running    walking    food groups-fats     sugars    proteins    carbohydrates   vitamins     minerals     

 

Year 3-Rocks.

rocks      soil       grouping    sorting     classifying     properties     fossils    organic matter      igneous     metamorphic     sedimentary    grains     crystals      living   dead     

Name as many rocks and soils as you can- simple research will tell you what rock group they belong to.

 

Year 3- Light.

light      see     dark     vision      reflection    surfaces    reflective surface    sun/sun power      danger        protect/protection

eyes     skin    shade    midday     shadows    light source    blocked      solid     patterns in shadows     time of day      lengths       longer/shorter      night/day     mirror       distance from light source

Tips

noNever ever look directly at the sun, even with sunglasses on.

smileyKeep in the shade where possible and remember "Slip, slap, slop" with the sun protection cream.

 

Year 3-Forces and magnets.

movement       surfaces       contact      magnets       forces       distance      attract       repel      materials      magnetic      non-magnetic    metal     non-metallic     magnetic materials-(can you find materials that you can sort into magnetic and non magnetic?)      compare      group      sort      classify      poles      facing and opposite poles      Uses for magnets-(for example  bar    ring     button etc. Can you find any more to add to your list?)   

 

Year 4-Living things and their habitats.

SEE VOCABULARY LIST FROM ABOVE AS WELL.

 Plants    flowering/non-flowering plants     grasses     ferns      mosses     animals - fish    amphibians  reptiles    birds   mammals    vertebrates       invertebrates     snails      slugs     worms      spiders    insects     living things      non-living things      dead      never have been alive     grouping       classify/classification      local environment  -(name as many things as you can in your local environment)    changing environments pollution     waste     dangers to environment     yearly and seasonal changes to environments       human impact on environment       nature reserves     ecological  plans       parks       gardens    ponds     housing developments      litter    forest/deforestation     

 

Year 4- Animals including humans.

SEE VOCABUALRY LIST FROM ABOVE AS WELL.

Function       digestive system       humans      mouth     tongue    teeth      oesophagus     swallow    stomach   small intestine      large intestine     anus     rectum   waste    faeces      liver     bile       water    saliva      salivary glands     vitamins   minerals      names of teeth- (canines     incisors     molars    pre-molars      baby or milk teeth    wisdom teeth)      grind     tear      rip      chew    food chain     producers      predators    prey

carnivores       herbivores        omnivores     damages to teeth      decay       toothpaste        toothbrush      gums     gum disease      sugar      teeth health/hygiene      

 

Year 4- States of matter.

materials       group       sort       classify      observe     compare      solids       liquids       gases- (can you name as many of these as possible?)      change/changing states      heated    melting    cooled      temperature         degrees Celsius (0C)     evaporation/rates of evaporation       condensation/condenses            water cycle    water

noSome useful statements

Solids hold their shape

Liquids form a pool, not a pile

Gasses escape from an unsealed container

Water can be a solid, liquid and a gas.

 

Year 4-Sound.

sounds      vibrating/vibration      ear        sounds travelling         medium     hearing      pitch     high      low   volume      vibration strength      sound source       distance       earmuffs     insulation of sound       sound waves

Tips.

noExplore sounds and pitch by making sounds with different materials and instruments.

smileyWhich is the best sound insulator- earmuffs or placing your hands over your ears?

noMAKE SURE YOU DON'T MAKE LOUD NOISES NEAR PEOPLE'S EARS-keep safe!

 

Year 4-Electricity.

Electricity       electrical appliance     electric circuit      cells       wires     bulbs     switches       buzzers     

lamp   loop     light     dark     battery     switch/open switch       close     conductors      insulators      metals

plastics    current     voltage    safety      precaution/s     

 

Year 5- Upper Key stage 2: Living things and their habitats.

SEE  VOCABULARY LIST ABOVE AS WELL.

life cycles      mammals      amphibian      insect     bird     grow/growth   reproduction : sexual and asexual   local environment          seasonal changes     animal behaviour    naturalists      David Attenborough      Jane Goodall     rainforests      oceans/seas    deserts    prehistoric    seeds     stem      roots/root cuttings      tubers bulb/s   

 

Year 5-Animals including humans.

SEE VOCABULARY LIST ABOVE AS WELL.

humans/human changes       age/old age       young       timeline of growth   growth development    puberty   gestation   mass of babies      research     report        recording

 

Year 5- Properties and changes of materials.

LOOK AT OTHER MATERIAL TOPICS.

 

compare       group together      properties        hardness         solubility       transparency         conductivity /electric and thermal       magnet    dissolving     solids   liquids     gasses      solution      separate       mixing/mixture       reversible      filter/filtering     sieve/sieving   evaporation/evaporate     uses  of everyday materials
 

Tips.

mailCan you think of any hanging of materials that result  in new materials being made? These are  often irreversible.

smileyDo some research on scientists  who have worked on materials:  Spencer Silver, who invented  the glue for sticky notes or Ruth Benerito, who invented wrinkle-free cotton.

 

Year 5-Earth and space.

Earth     movement       planet/s       Sun        solar system       Moon       spherical   bodies        Earth's rotation   day and night    movement across the sky       star       centre of the solar system          Mercury        Venus   Mars    Jupiter     Saturn     Uranus       Neptune     Pluto        dwarf  planet       celestial body    orbit/s       geocentric/heliocentric models      times of day     sundials    

Tips.

noNever look at the sun, even when wearing sunglasses.

mailDo some research  on scientists such as Ptolemy, Alhazen and Copernicus.

mailWhat was Stonehenge used for? Might it have been  used for some sort of astronomical  clock?

mailOur solar system has 8 planets, Pluto was reclassified as a "dwarf planet" in 2006.

 

Year 5-Forces.

SEE VOCABULARY LIST ABOVE.

Unsupported objects       towards Earth     force        gravity       air        air resistance       water resistance

friction     moving objects      surfaces      moving surfaces       levers       pulleys      gears    springs  

parachutes 

mailWhy not look at the work of Galileo Galilei ,  Isaac Newton and how they worked on the theory of gravity.

 

Year 6-Living things and their habitats.

SEE VOCABULARY LIST FROM ABOVE.

living things      classified/classification         sorting       broad groups        common observable characteristics

similarities and differences      microorganisms     plants    animals        sub-division       invertebrates   /vertebrates     environment      habitats   

Tips and ideas:

smileyLook at the work of Carl Linnaeus.

smileyMake an  imaginary animal suitable for a new environment.

 

Year 6-Evolution and inheritance.

                     

living things    animals      plants   fossils      Earth       millions of years ago    produce     reproduce     offspring    parents   vary/variants   identical/non-identical      environment     suitability       adaption

evolution       inheritance         characteristics    survival    

Tips and ideas.

smileyResearch palaeontologists such as Mary Anning and look at the work of Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace .  

mailWhat characteristics have you inherited from your parents? 

Why can polar bears survive in icy cold water?

 

 

 

 

Year 6-Light

Look at all the vocabulary list from above.

straight lines        travels       reflect/reflection     eyes      reflect light      light source    shadows    

 

predictions     mirrors   periscope      rainbows     soap bubble colours     colour filters     

 

Some ideas and suggestions.

 

mailMaking a periscope at home is a great way to carry out investigations. Research how to make them on science websites, BUT REMEMBER YOUR E-SAFETY!

 

no Can you remember what you learnt in year 3 when you studied light? You will have done a stand alone lesson on light in between year 3 and 6.

 

mail If you are interested in the study of light, why not look up some of these scientists who worked on light?

 

smileyAnders Jonas Angstrom                                      smiley Albert Einstein

smiley Niels Bohr                                                           smiley  Leonhard Euler

smiley Nicolaus Copernicus                                           smiley Ingrid Daubechies

 

Electricity

 

Check all other vocabulary on this subject in the previous years.

 

Brightness/bright       lamp      volume   voltage     cell/s    circuit     variations     bulbs     loud/loudness

 

on/off positions     switch      symbols       motors     series circuit   safety     dangers of electricity    

 

mailList as many objects as you can that use electricity. 

mailDesign a poster for younger children to show how to behave around electricity and the dangers of it.

 

  

There will be an E-Safety Parents Meeting with Paul Bradshaw on Wednesday 13th February at 9.00am....How to keep your children safe online will be discussed so it is important that parents attend. School will be CLOSED for pupils on Thursday 2nd May 2019 for Local Elections. Parents Evening will take place on Thursday 7th March 2019.
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